12:4-5 ish lefi ochlo - Everyone according to
what he eats.
The gematria of this phrase (488) is equal to that of
Eat an olive-sized portion. This tells you that if one ate an
olive-sized portion one has fulfilled the obligation to partake of the pesach-offering
(Peirush HaRokeach; Resachim 91a; Rambam, Hilchot Korban Pesach 8:3).
tachosu al-haseh. seh tamim
- You shall count for the lamb/kid. An unblemished
(The term seh
here refers to the young of both sheep and goats (see
v5). In the absence of a
precise English equivalent, the translation "lamb/kid" is used.)
The lamb/kid is mentioned twice, indicating that two are
necessary: one (a male) for the pesach-offering, and one for the chagigah-offering
which accompanied it.
(The chagigah-offering was brought and eaten as a
prelude to the pesach-offering so that the pesach-offering would be eaten on a
The word seh,
lamb/kid, appears six times in this passage - if we count from the sheep
[and from the goats]. (The word seh
appears twice in v3,
twice in v4, and
once in v5. If we
add the phrase from the sheep and from the goats
(v5), which defines the term
seh, we have six
appearances of the animal's name.) This is an allusion to the law: [We keep]
no less than six inspected lambs in the Chamber of the Lambs (Arachin 13a).
(The Chamber of the Lambs is a room in the Temple where
the lambs for the tamid
(daily continual-offering) are kept. The Temple authorities must keep at
least six lambs inspected and found to be free of disqualifying blemishes on
hand at all times.)
Ve'achulu et-habasar - They shall eat the
The verse begins with eating [They shall eat the
flesh] and ends with eating.