|Positive Mitzvah Four
To Fear G-d
By this injunction we are commanded to believe in the fear and awe of G-d, Baruch Hu
(Blessed be He), and not to be at ease and self-confident but to expect His punishment at
The Gemara of
Tractate Sanhedrin discusses the
The Gemara of Tractate Sanhedrin discusses the verse,"he that blasphemes (nokev) the Name of Hashem, he shall surely be put to death" (VaYikra 24:16): "Perhaps the word nokev should be taken to mean 'pronouces' (rather than 'blasphemes'), as we find elsewhere, 'The men that were pronounced (nikevu) by name' (BaMidbar 1:17), the (requisite) admonition1 being derived from the verse, 'You shall fear Hashem your G-d?'2 That is to say, the verse, 'he that blasphemes the Name of Hashem,' etc., might be understood as meaning one who merely mentions the Name of Hashem, without committing blasphemy; and if you ask "What sin is there in that?" we reply that such a one abandons the fear of Hashem, for it is part of the fear of Hashem not to pronounce His Name in vain.