|Positive Mitzvah Fifty
The Sukkot Musaf-offering
Requires Beit HaMikdash
BaMidbar 29:13 You shall bring a olah-offering,
a fire-offering for a pleasing aroma to Hashem, thirteen young bulls, two rams,
and fourteen yearling lambs. They shall [all] be without blemish.
We are commanded to offer an Musaf-offering on Sukkot.
According to the Sages of the Talmud the seventy bullocks that were offered
during the first seven days of Sukkot as the Musaf-offerings were designed to
atone for the seventy nations of the world, so that all might have plentiful
rain in the course of the ensuing year.
(Suk. 55b); Rashi)
Also preserved in the Talmud, is the first-hand account
of the various services performed on Sukkot in connection with the Rejoicing of
Beit HaShoevah (Drawing of the Water):
"We have been taught, Rabbi Joshua ben Hananiah said,
When we celebrated the Rejoicing of Beit HaShoevah our eyes never closed in
sleep. How was this? The first hour [was occupied with] the daily
morning sacrifice; from there [we proceeded] to prayers, thence to the Musaf
sacrifice, then the prayers to the Musaf sacrifice, then to the House of
Study, then the eating and drinking, then the Mincha prayer, then the daily
evening sacrifice, and after that the Rejoicing of Beit HaShoevah [all
night]." (Suk. 53a).