|Positive Mitzvah Sixty-Three
Requires Beit HaMikdash
We are commanded as to the procedure in connection with the Olah (Burnt)-offering, i.e. ay Olah-offering, whether it be a private or a public sacrifice, must be offered in a certain manner.
No where does Scripture indicate the nature of the sin that necessitated the bringing of a Olah-offering. According to Chazal, such an offering atones for the sinful thoughts (Menachot, Tosefta 10, 12), and for the violation of a Positive Mitzvah (VaYikra 1:4, Sifra)
Jew or Gentile could bring this offering. Even where the offerer was known to be an idolater, his Olah-offering was accepted in the Sanctuary (Chul.13b). During the Second Commonwealth it was customary to offer a daily offering on behalf of the foreign king or emperor who then ruled over Yisrael (Git. 56a; Flavius Josephus, Wars of the Jews 2, 17)
However, no offering was accepted of a Jew who worshipped idols, or who profaned the Shabbat publicly, since either of these transgressions was held equivalent to the rejection of the whole Torah (Hul. 5a; Mishneh Torah, Avodah, Hilchot Maaseh HaKorbanot 3, 4)