In the ancient Temple, after the
Shema' was read, all three paragraphs were then recited aloud by the Kohanim
following the daily morning offerings.
The people assembled in the
Temple courtyard did not join in this reading, but on hearing the first
sentence of the Shema', they responded with:
Baruch shem kevod
malchuto l'olam va-ed!
Blessed is the Name of His
Glorious Kingdom forever and ever!
This response is
not a quotation of any biblical verse though it bears some similarities to a
verse in Tehillim 72:19.
This became the response to all blessings recited by the Kohanim in the Temple,
including the Priestly Blessing. It was used in lieu of "Amein." It
was also the response to the declaration, "Hear O YIsarel, Hashem is our G-d,
Hashem is One!" (Taanit 16b;
Yoma 6:2, 3:8).
This response was later
transferred to the Synagogue as a standard part of the Shema'. In order
to indicate that this sentence is not part of the Biblical passage of the
Shema', it is customary to say it in a more subdued voice than the rest of the
Shema' (Pesachim 56a). The only exception to this is on Yom Kippur when
it is deliberately said aloud.
To Pray As A Jew -