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Sefer BaMidbar - Book of Numbers

In the Wilderness

Parashat BaMidbar

(Haftarah BaMidbar)

Census in the Wilderness

1:1 Vayedaber HASHEM el-Moshe bemidbar Sinai be'Ohel Mo'ed be'echad lachodesh hasheni bashanah hashenit letzetam me'eretz Mitzrayim lemor
And HASHEM spoke to Moshe in the Sinai desert, in the Tent of Meeting, on the first [day] of the second month, in the second year of their exodus from the land of Egypt, saying,

2 Se'u et-rosh kol-adat benei-Yisra'el lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot kol-zachar legulgelotam
"Take a head count of the entire congregation of the Children of Yisrael according to their families to the house of their fathers counting the names of all males individually.

3 Miben esrim shanah vamalah kol-yotze tzava beYisra'el tifkedu otam letziv'otam atah ve'Aharon
From twenty years old and above, all those eligible for the army of Yisrael, you shall count them according to their divisions, you and Aharon.

4 Ve'itechem yihyu ish ish lamateh ish rosh leveit-avotav hu
Along with you, there shall be one man for each tribe, each man shall be the head of his fathers' house.



Tribal Leaders

5 Ve'eleh shmot ha'anashim asher ya'amdu itchem li-Re'uven Elitzur ben-Sdei'ur
These are the names of the men who shall stand along with you. For [the tribe of] Re'uven, Elitzur the son of Shdei'ur.

6 Le-Shim'on Shlumi'el ben-Tzurishadai
For [the tribe of] Shimon, Shlumi'el the son of Tzurishadai.

7 Li-Yehudah Nachshon ben-Aminadav
For [the tribe of] Yehudah, Nachshon the son of Aminadav.

8 Le-Yissachar Netan'el ben-Tzu'ar
For [the tribe of] Yissachar, Netan'el the son of Tzu'ar.

9 Li-Zvulun Eli'av ben-Chelon
For [the tribe of] Zevulun, Eli'av the son of Chelon.

10 Livnei Yosef le-Efrayim Elishamah ben-Amihud li-Menasheh Gamli'el ben-Pedahtzur
For the sons of Yosef, for [the tribe of] Efrayim, Elishamah the son of Amihud. For [the tribe of] Menasheh, Gamli'el the son of Pedahtzur.

11 Le-Vinyamin Avidan ben-Gid'oni
For [the tribe of] Binyamin, Avidan the son of Gid'oni.

12 Le-Dan Achi'ezer ben-Amishadai
For [the tribe of] Dan, Achi'ezer the son of Amishadai.

13 Le-Asher Pagi'el ben-Ochran
For [the tribe of] Asher, Pagi'el the son of Ochran.

14 Le-Gad Elyasaf ben-De'u'el
For [the tribe of] Gad, Elyasaf the son of De'u'el.

15 Le-Naftali Achira ben-Einan
For [the tribe of] Naftali, Achira the son of Einan.

16 Eleh kru'ei ha'edah nesi'ei matot avotam rashei alfei Yisra'el hem
These are the ones called from the congregation, the leaders of their fathers' tribes; they are the heads of the thousands of Yisrael."

17 Vayikach Moshe ve'Aharon et ha'anashim ha'eleh asher nikvu beshemot
Moshe and Aharon took these men who were designated by name.

18 Ve'et kol-ha'edah hikhilu be'echad lachodesh hasheni vayityaldu al-mishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah legulgelotam
They gathered together the entire congregation on the first [day] of the second month and they were registered by family ancestry according to the house of their fathers, according to the number of names each man of twenty years and above; individually.

19 Ka'asher tzivah HASHEM et-Moshe vayifkedem bemidbar Sinai
Just as HASHEM commanded Moshe, He counted them in the Sinai desert.



Sheni

Re'uven

20 Vayihyu venei-Re'uven bechor Yisra'el toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot legulgelotam kol-zachar miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
These were the sons of Re'uven, Yisrael's firstborn, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, according to the number of individual names every male of twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

21 Pekudeihem lemateh Re'uven shishah ve'arba'im elef vachamesh me'ot
Their numbers, for the tribe of Re'uven, is forty-six thousand five hundred.



Shimon

22 Livnei Shimon toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam pekudav bemispar shemot legulgelotam kol-zachar miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Shimon, their births according ot their families according to the house of their fathers, his numbers according to the number of individual names every male of twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

23 Pekudeihem lemateh Shim'on tish'ah vachamishim elef ushlosh me'ot
Their numbers, for the tribe of Shimon, is fifty-nine thousand three hundred.



Gad [pronounced as Gawd-God]

24 Livnei Gad toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Gad, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a counting of names. From twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

25 Pekudeihem lemateh Gad chamishah ve'arba'im elef veshesh me'ot vachamishim
Their numbers, for the tribe of Gad, is forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty.



Yehudah

26 Livnei Yehudah toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Yehudah, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names. From twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

27 Pekudeihem lemateh Yehudah arba'ah veshiv'im elef veshesh me'ot
Their numbers, for the tribe of Yehudah, is seventy-four thousand six hundred.



Yissachar

28 Livnei Yissachar toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Yissachar, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names. From twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

29 Pekudeihem lemateh Yissachar arba'ah vachamishim elef ve'arba me'ot
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Yissachar is fifty-four thousand four hundred.



Zevulun

30 Livnei Zvulun toldotamam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Zevulun, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

31 Pekudeihem lemateh Zvulun shiv'ah vachamishim elef ve'arba me'ot
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Zevulun, is fifty-seven thousand four hundred.



Efrayim

32 Livnei Yosef livnei Efrayim toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Yosef; for the sons of Efrayim their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

33 Pekudeihem lemateh Efrayim arba'im elef vachamesh me'ot
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Efrayim is forty thousand five hundred.



Menashshe

34 Livnei Menashshe toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Menashshe, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth in to the army.

35 Pekudeihem lemateh Menashshe shnayim ushloshim elef umatayim
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Menashshe is thirty-two thousand two hundred.



Binyamin

36 Livnei Vinyamin toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Binyamin, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth in to the army.

37 Pekudeihem lemateh Vinyamin chamishah ushloshim elef ve'arba me'ot
Their numbers for the Tribe of Binyamin, is thirty-five thousand four hundred.



Dan [Pronounced as Dahn - Don]

38 Livnei Dan toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Dan, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

39 Pekudeihem lemateh Dan shenayim veshishim elef ushva me'ot
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Don, is sixty-two thousand seven hundred.



Asher

40 Livnei Asher toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
For the sons of Asher, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

41 Pekudeihem lemateh Asher echad ve'arba'im elef vachamesh me'ot
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Asher is forty-one thousand five hundred.



Naftali

42 Bnei Naftali toldotam lemishpechotam leveit avotam bemispar shemot miben esrim shanah vamalah kol yotze tzava
The sons of Naftali, their births according to their families according to the house of their fathers, in a counting of names from twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army.

43 Pekudeihem lemateh Naftali shloshah vachamishim elef ve'arba me'ot
Their numbers, for the Tribe of Naftali is fifty-three thousand four hundred.



The Total

44 Eleh hapekudim asher pakad Moshe ve'Aharon unesi'ei Yisra'el shneim asar ish ish-echad leveit-avotav hayu
These are the numbers which were counted [by] Moshe, Aharon and the leaders of Yisrael, [being] twelve men, each man was the head of his father's house.

45 Vayihyu kol-pekudei venei-Yisra'el leveit avotam miben esrim shanah vamalah kol-yotze tzava beYisra'el
All the numbers of Benei Yisrael according to the house of their fathers, from twenty years and above, all who go forth into the army of Yisrael.

46 Vayihyu kol-hapkudim shesh-me'ot elef ushloshet alafim vachamesh me'ot vachamishim
All their numbers were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.



The Levi'im, the Legion of G-d

47 VehaLevi'im lemateh avotam lo hotpakdu betocham
The Leviim, according to the Tribe of their fathers were not counted among them.

48 Vayedaber HASHEM el-Moshe lemor
HASHEM spoke to Moshe, saying,

49 Ach et-mateh Levi lo tifkod ve'et-rosham lo tisa betoch benei Yisra'el
"However, the Tribe of Levi you shall not count and you shall not take their head count among the Children of Yisrael.

50 Ve'atah hafked et-haLevi'im al-Mishkan ha'edut ve'al kol-kelav ve'al kol-asher-lo hemah yis'u et-haMishkan ve'et-kol-kelav vehem yeshartuhu vesaviv laMishkan yachanu
You shall appoint the Leviim to oversee the Mishkan of Testimony and over all of its utensils and over all that belongs to it. They shall carry the Mishkan and all its utensils, and they shall administer it, and they shall camp around the Mishkan.

51 Uvinsoa haMishkan yoridu oto haLvi'im uvachanot haMishkan yakimu oto haLevi'im vehazar hakarev yumat
When the Mishkan is to be moved the Leviim shall take it down, and when the Mishkan is to rest [in one place] the Leviim shall erect it, and the stranger who approaches, shall die.

52 Vechanu benei Yisra'el ish al-machanehu ve'ish al-diglo letziv'otam
The Children of Yisrael shall camp, each man at his own camp and each man at his own banner, according to their divisions.

53 VehaLevi'im yachanu saviv leMishkan ha'edut velo-yihyeh ketzef al-adat benei Yisra'el veshameru haLevi'im et-mishmeret Mishkan ha'edut
The Leviim shall camp around the Mishkan of the Testimony, so that there will not be anger upon the congregation of the Children of Yisrael, and the Leviim shall be careful to preserve the Mishkan of Testimony."

54 Vaya'asu benei Yisra'el kechol asher tzivah HASHEM et-Moshe ken asu
The Children of Yisrael did according to all that HASHEM commanded Moshe; they did it [exactly].



Shelishi

2:1 Vayedaber HASHEM el-Moshe ve'el-Aharon lemor
HASHEM spoke to Moshe and Aharon, saying,

2 Ish al-diglo ve'otot leveit avotam yachanu benei Yisra'el mineged saviv le'ohel-mo'ed yachanu
"Each man at his own banner, with the insignia of their fathers' houses shall the Children of Yisrael encamp, at a distance around the Tent of Meeting they shall encamp.



The Four Formations

Yehudah's Encampment to the East

3 Vehachonim kedmah mizrachah degel machaneh Yehudah letziv'otam venasi livnei Yehudah Nachshon ben-Aminadav
Those who camp is in the forefront, on the eastern side is the camp of the banner of Yehudah according to their divisions, and the leader of the sons of Yehudah is Nachshon the son of Aminadav.

4 Utzva'o ufkudeihem arba'ah veshiv'im elef veshesh me'ot
Its division and their numbers is seventy-four thousand six hundred.

5 Vehachonim alav mateh Yissachar venasi livnei Yissachar Netan'el ben-Tzu'ar
Those who camp along with him are, the Tribe of Yissachar, and the leader of the sons of Yissachar is Netanel the son of Tzuar.

6 Utzva'o ufkudav arba'ah vachamishim elef ve'arba me'ot
Its division and its numbers is fifty-four thousand four hundred.

7 Mateh Zvulun venasi livnei Zvulun Eli'av ben-Chelon
The Tribe of Zevulun, and the leader of the sons of Zevulun is Eli'av the son of Chelon.

8 Utzva'o ufkudav shiv'ah vachamishim elef ve'arba me'ot
Its division and its numbers is fifty-seven thousand four hundred.

9 Kol-hapekudim lemachaneh Yehudah me'at elef ushmonim elef vesheshet-alafim ve'arba-me'ot letziv'otam rishonah yisa'u
The total numbers for the encampment of Yehudah is one hundred eighty-six thousand four hundred according to their divisions, [and] they travel [in the] first [position].



Re'uven's Encampment to the South

10 Degel machaneh Re'uven teimanah letziv'otam venasi livnei Re'uven Elitzur ben-Shdei'ur
The banner of the camp of Re'uven is on the south side, according to their divisions, and the leader of the sons of Reuven is Elitzur the son of Shdeiur.

11 Utzva'o ufkudav shishah ve'arba'im elef vachamesh me'ot
Its divisions and its numbers is forty-six thousand five hundred.

12 Vehachonim alav mateh Shim'on venasi livnei Shim'on Shlumi'el ben-Tzurishadai
Those who camp along with him are, the Tribe of Shimon, the leader of the tribe of Shimon is Shlumiel the son of Tzurishadai.

13 Utzva'o ufkudeihem tish'ah vachamishim elef ushlosh me'ot
Its division and their numbers is fifty-nine thousand three hundred.

14 Umateh Gad venasi livnei Gad Elyasaf ben-Re'u'el
The Tribe of Gad, and the leader of the sons of Gad is Elyasaf the son of Re'uel.

15 Utzva'o ufkudeihem chamishah ve'arba'im elef veshesh me'ot vachamishim
Its division and their numbers is forty-five thousand six hundred fifty.

16 Kol-hapekudim lemachaneh Re'uven me'at elef ve'echad vachamishim elef ve'arba-me'ot vachamishim letziv'otam ushni'im yisa'u
The total numbers for the encampment of Reuven is one hundred fifty-one thousand four hundred and fifty, according to their division, and they travel [in the] second [position].

17 Venasa ohel-mo'ed machaneh haLevi'im betoch hamachanot ka'asher yachanu ken yisa'u ish al-yado ledigleihem
The Tent of Meeting shall travel [along with] the camp of the Leviim in the cneter of the [other] camps, just as they camp so shall they travel, each man in his place according to their banners.



Efrayim's Encampment to the West

18 Degel machaneh Efrayim letziv'otam yamah venasi livnei Efrayim Elishamah ben-Amihud
The banner of the camp of Efrayim according to their divisions is on the west side, and the leader of the sons of Efrayim is Elishamah the son of Amihud.

19 Utzva'o ufkudeihem arba'im elef vachamesh me'ot
Its division and their numbers is forty-thousand five hundred.

20 Ve'alav mateh Menashshe venasi livnei Menashshe Gamli'el ben-Pedahtzur
Along with him are, the Tribe of Menashshe, and the leader of the sons of Menashshe is Gamliel the son of Pedahtzur.

21 Utzva'o ufkudeihem shnayim ushloshim elef umatayim
Its division and their numbers is thirty-two thousand two hundred.

22 Umateh Binyamin venasi livnei Vinyamin Avidan ben-Gid'oni
The Tribe of Binyamin, and the leader of the sons of Binyamin is Avidan the son of Gid'oni.

23 Utzva'o ufkudeihem chamishah ushloshim elef ve'arba me'ot
Its division and their numbers is thirty-five thousand four hundred

24 Kol-hapekudim lemachaneh Efrayim me'at elef ushmonat-alafim ume'ah letziv'otam ushlishim yisa'u
The total numbers for the camp of Efrayim is one hundred eight thousand one hundred according to their divisions, and they travel [in the] third [position].

25 Degel machaneh Dan tzafonah letziv'otam venasi livnei Dan Achi'ezer ben-Amishadai
The banner of the camp of Dan is on the north side according to their divisions, and the leader of the sons of Dan is Achiezer the son of Amishadai

26 Utzva'o ufkudeihem shenayim veshishim elef ushva me'ot
Its division and their numbers is sixty-two thousand seven hundred.

27 Vehachonim alav mateh Asher venasi livnei Asher Pagi'el ben-Ochran
Those who camp with him are; the tribe of Asher, and the leader of the sons of Asher is Pagi'el the son of Ochran.

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